The last Pagan peoples in Europe, they were eventually converted to Christianity in 1387.
The territory inhabited by the ethnic Lithuanians has shrunk over centuries; once Lithuanians made up a majority of population not only in what is now Lithuania, but also in northwestern Belarus, in large areas of the territory of the modern Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia, and in some parts of modern Latvia and Poland.
We are speaking of a danger to the territorial integrity of Lithuania," Karoblis added.
Lithuanian officials said attempts to dispute or alter history could be a prelude to offensive action, similar to more than a decade of such disinformation efforts in Ukraine that led to Russia's annexation of the Crimean peninsula.
However, depending on geography and other circumstances, many Russian-Germans spoke Russian as their first or second language.
During the 19th century many came to identify primarily as Russians, and particularly during and after the Napoleonic Wars, many Russian-Germans embraced Russian patriotism.
Among other assignments, he spent a total of 15 months on the ground covering the Afghan war for The Canadian Press.
The roughly 450 Canadians will form the nucleus of a robust multi-national combat battalion, part of a brigade to provide credible deterrence against further Russian expansionism in the region.That number could fluctuate depending upon negotiations with other allies who are expected to help fill out the ranks for an open-ended mission, which Canada's chief of defence staff says raises the stakes for any nation thinking of interfering in the Baltics."What deterrence looks like is that it raises the threshold of risk (for Russia).(Adrian Wyld/Canadian Press) Murray Brewster is senior defence writer for CBC News, based in Ottawa.He has covered the Canadian military and foreign policy from Parliament Hill for over a decade.